Allik, Hendrik – Abstract


Hendrik Allik (est.
Hendrik Allik, (1901-1989) — Soviet statesman
and party leader, former first
Deputy Chairman of the Board
Of Ministers of the Estonian Soviet socialist Republic (1943-1950,1965-1973)


Hendrik Allik was born
15 March 1901 in the parish Abja, part
part of the Viljandi County, Estonia
province. His mother worked as a warden
the arrival of the Lutheran Church in Estonia.
The Church, built in the second half
The XV-th century, was considered one of the most
beautiful in Estonia. The mother also participated
in its restoration.

With the school years, in addition to
Russian and Estonian, Allik owned
English, German and French

Revolutionary activities

Political activity
The Hendrik Allik began in 1923,
when he led the Estonian
conference of working youth (in August)
and the Congress of workers sports associations
(in November). As the Communist party of Estonia
as an illegal organization, was again
deprived of the opportunity to contest the election
in the Riigikogu in a separate list, Allik
joined the Bureau of the United front,
created by the Central Committee of KPIs.
From the United front was elected to the
The Riigikogu (unlike 1920, 1923
year deputies of a United front, gaining
30 thousand votes, got ten places
in Parliament), then Hendrik went into
educated labor faction.

Elected Deputy
in the Estonian Parliament, Allik actively
participated in the activities of the working
movement. November 7, 1923, he spoke
at the rally-concert in the House of firefighters
in Tallinn, on the sixth anniversary
Of the October revolution. The rally was
organized by the Central workers ‘ Council
Unions. Candidates of the “United front”
began to win the election in 47 townships.
Even greater successes the group has achieved
in elections to the city Duma. In Tallinn
city Duma deputies of the “United
front”, including Allik, received
37 (composition of the Duma provided for 101

In January 1924 (in this
the Republic held a mass
the arrests of the labor movement),
speaking at a business meetings,
Allik was arrested by police and charged with
in “anti-state organization
conspiracy.” 27 November “the Process
149 Communists”, on which Hendrik was
sentenced to life in prison (such
the verdict was 39 Communists). In
the prison continued to participate in
motion. He was a member of the Prison Bureau
(“PSA”) — Estonian steering
the centre of the political prisoners-Communists.
In addition, Hendrik Allik edited
the issue of the illegal newspaper “Vangina
Kir” (“beam Prison”). Newspaper published
once a month in 1927-1929, was written
indelible ink on the finest
maize paper and passed on

In the spring of 1938 at the
the universal political Amnesty Allik
was released after serving in prison
for almost fifteen years. In the summer of the same year
he was elected Secretary created
steering center of the Estonian Communists
Illegal Bureau, in fact
carrying out functions of the Central
Committee Of The Communist Party Of Estonia.

On the night of April 1, 1940
participated in a meeting of Communists,
held in the apartment of one of the members
Illegal Bureau. The meeting later
went down in history as “April
conference of the Communist party of Estonia”. On
meeting Allik read a report about
the political situation and the next
the tasks of the party. It said “on
crisis petrovskoi dictatorship” and
the need to “create a democratic
people’s Republic”. All installations
the Bureau in the form of abstracts were presented in
the appeal “To all Estonian people”
which was published in the newspaper

In June 1940 he was
participant in mass demonstrations
the Republic, who were reduced to the requirement
the accession of Estonia to the Soviet
Union. In particular, Hendrik Allik
supervised the seizure of the building of political
the police, where he was expelled officials
and the revolutionaries released. In a month
after the entry of the Republic in the
The Soviet Union, when Estonia was
nationalization (created the local Committee
and the Commission), was appointed Chairman of the
the Committee in managing the trade.
Later was appointed people’s Commissar
trade of the Estonian SSR and in this position
stayed until June 1941.


At the beginning of the war, when
on the territory of Estonia retreated 8th
army, National headquarters was
converted to the Republican Committee
defense of the ESSR, the Committee directed all
forces to help the army. The people’s Commissar
trade Hendrik Allik was at the same time
appointed Commissioner on food
issues of the Republican Committee.

In early 1942,
as a member of the Council of people’s Commissars
Of the Estonian SSR, participated in the organization of the guerrilla
struggle in the temporarily occupied
the territory of Estonia. Later included in
the commissions of the military district as
member of the people’s Commissariat of defense of the ESSR, Central
Committee KPIs and of the Council of people’s Commissars
Of the ESSR, where he was responsible citizens
The Estonian SSR in the 7th Estonian rifle

In September 1942
Allik was appointed head of the political Department
the newly formed 8th Estonian
infantry corps (he was promoted
“senior battalion Commissar”),
in this position he participated in
fighting under the Great Bows
Nevel, Novosokolniki, was awarded
order of the red banner.

In July 1943, Allik
was appointed Commissioner of Central
Committee KPIs and of the Council of people’s Commissars of the ESSR in
the command of the 3rd Baltic front.
Engaged in maintaining liaison with the red
Army, advancing from Pskov to Narva,
and supervised on-site activities
operational groups of the southern counties of Estonia

State activity

In 1943 he was appointed
Deputy Chairman of the Board
Of Ministers of the Estonian SSR (from the autumn of 1944
year, the Ministry was in Moscow).
Deputy Minister worked almost
seven years. At the same time from September 1945 to
April 1946 he was people’s Commissar of agriculture
economy of the ESSR (later in this post
it was replaced by N. G. Puusep).

In December 1950, he was
removed from the post of Deputy Chairman
The Council of Ministers and expelled from the party, and after
a few days later was arrested and sentenced
to 25 years in prison. Released in 1955,

In 1948 graduated from
The Tallinn Polytechnic Institute.

Since 1957 worked
Deputy, and from January 1961 to March 1973
the head of the planning Commission under
The Council of Ministers of the ESSR. Simultaneously with
1965 to 1973 Allik was Deputy
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Estonian

Died may 8, 1989
in Tallinn.


  • Order
    Lenin (1950)

  • Order
    The October Revolution (1971)

  • Order
    The Red Banner (1943)

  • Order Of The Patriotic
    war 2nd class (1985)


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