Almagro, Diego de son – Abstract

Not to be confused with:



  • Diego de Almagro
    Senior



Diego de Almagro
the younger
(1520(1520) — September 16, 1542) —
Spanish Conquistador, organizer
conspiracy to murder Francisco
Pizarro. After the organization of the uprising
in Peru the Governor cristóbal Vaca
de Castro was the de facto ruler of
in the colony.


Diego de Almagro
younger, or “Diego de Almagro second”
or as it was also called “El Moso” (el
Moso,. — “man”) was born in the family
Spanish Conquistador Diego de
Almagro and Indian women from Panama. Name
received in honor of his father.


In 1531 El Moso
accompanied his father in the expedition
in Peru, a group of hundreds of Spaniards
which seized the North of the Empire
Of the Incas. At this time Francisco Pizarro
went to the South where massacred in
Cajamarca and captured Inca
Atahualpa. Almagro, along with his
the father came to Cajamarca only to 1533
not participated in the partition of the ransom
Atahualpa. Subsequently, the people of Almagro
all received only 20000 pesos gold
while only Pizarro received
57220 pesos. Diego Almagro the younger everywhere
accompanied his father, soon, between
them and the brothers Pizarro happened
conflict.


In 1534 the king of Spain
divided the conquered territory into 2
governorship of New Castile (
the territory of Peru, between 1st and
14th Parallels), which Governor
was Pizarro, and New Toledo (current
Chile, between the 14th and 25th Parallels) given
Almagro the elder. A large part
inherited Almagro in the office
territories had yet to explore
and to win, and on 3 July, 1535, he went
from Cusco to the South. However, there he found
gold, which sought to find
this met with stiff resistance
the Indians that forced Almagro, when
to 30 degrees South latitude, turn
back in September of 1536.


When, in 1537, Almagro
back in Peru was led the anti-Spanish
the rebellion led by Manco Inca
Yupanqui. Taking advantage of the difficult for
The situation Pizarro, Almagro seized
Cusco and defeated the army which
was led by the Pizarro brothers, Hernando and
Gonzalo; brothers Pizarro was captured
prisoner, and Almagro, 8 April, 1537
proclaimed himself the new Governor
Peru. On July 12 he defeated the army of Alonso
de Alvarado, who arrived to
the release of the brothers Pizarro from captivity.
Gonzalo Pizarro and Alonso de Alvarado
managed to escape from captivity Almagro. Pizarro
began negotiations with Almagro, seeking
to gain time; in the end he
managed to persuade Almagro to let go
Hernando and send to Spain a few
officers from both sides for final
resolve the conflict. But after the liberation
his brother Pizarro broke the truce
and continued the war with Almagro, position
which has become even more difficult
due to the outbreak of disease; 26 APR
1538 at Cuzco was crucial
the battle, which was won by Pizarro.
Almagro was captured, was sentenced
to death and beheaded on 8 July.


El Moso swore
to avenge the death of his father,
he organized the murder of Francisco Pizarro,
then declared himself the new Governor
Peru. But he was not supported more
part of the population of Lima and was forced
running in Cusco.


The revolt of Diego de
Almagro the younger was the first act of
unrest in Peru.


Soon arrived in Peru
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro, Commissioner
to take the post of Governor of Peru in the case
the death of Francisco Pizarro. Taking
the post of Governor, Vaca de Castro
took decisive measures to suppress
the rebellion of Almagro the younger. Gonzalo
Pizarro offered their assistance in suppressing
uprising, but Vaca de Castro had rejected it
offer. September 16, 1542, was held
the decisive battle in Cubase in which
Almagro the younger was defeated,
tried to escape but was captured.
Under pressure from the clan Pizarro Governor
Vaca de Castro ordered the execution of Diego
de Almagro. Diego de Almagro Jr.
was tortured and executed at
the town square.


Literature



  • Del
    Duthurburu Busto, José Antonio: Diccionario Histórico
    Biográfico de los Conquistadores del Perú
    . Tomo I. Lima,
    Editorial Arica S. A., 1973. (Spanish)


  • Del
    Duthurburu Busto, José Antonio: La pacificación del Perú.
    Librería STUDIUM S. A., Lima, 1984. (Spanish)


  • Enciclopedia
    Ilustrada del Perú
    . Tomo 1. Alberto Tauro del Pino. Lima,
    PEISA, 2001. (Spanish)


  • Inca
    Garcilaso de la Vega: Historia general del Perú. Tomo I.
    Editorial Universo S. A., Lima, 1972. (Spanish)


  • Prescott,
    Guillermo: Historia de la conquista del Perú. Tomo III.
    Editorial Universo S. A., Lima, 1972. (Spanish)


  • Vargas Ugarte, Rubén: Historia
    General del Perú
    . Tomo I. Editor: Carlos Milla Batres. Lima,
    Perú, 1981. (Spanish)



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Альмагро,Diegodo(son)

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