Austria in the European Union – Abstract

Austriajoined
in the European Union in 1995. This step was
is not easy for political
elite and of the population of Austria and
Of the European Union.


The fact that, according to
the Treaty on neutrality of 1955,
possible membership of Austria in
international organizations were very
limited. Application to join Austria
filed in July 1989, and the specific
negotiations began in February 1993.


Economic
the results of the EU accession


Among the positive
moments you need to select: Troubleshooting
customs and technical barriers
harmonization of company law,
harmonization of tax policy,
the free movement of goods, freedom
the choice of the location of enterprises.
In addition, the country’s accession to the European Union
prevented the withdrawal from the market of many
enterprises, therefore, in the long
the prospect is favorably affected
employment. The introduction of the Euro also
had a positive impact on economic
the development of the country. So, the country’s GDP grew
0.9 %, decreased the growth of consumer
prices (from 2.8 % to 1.8 %), decreased level
inflation (from 2.3% in 2001 to 1.3% in
2003)




Among the negative
outcomes included raising
unemployment in the first years after accession
in the EU (about 0.1 — 0.5% per year).


The entry into the Euro zone
(actually, since 1999, the introduction of
cash since 2002) contributed
lower inflation and a General improvement
economic environment. Despite
this, the Austrian population is
for the single currency with some
prejudice. Even they call it
often your way — Teuro (from it.
teur — road). As suggested
economist of the National Bank of Austria
Helmut Stix maybe the case here
psychology: people are still being transferred
current prices are in Euro and in old currency.


The presidency
in the EU


In 1998 (1 July — 31
December) and 2006 (January 1 — June 30)
Austria chaired the European Union.
The second presidency had on
a difficult period of EU activities, when
France and the Netherlands rejected the draft
The European Constitution, and between France
and Britain has been mired in controversy for
about the EU budget. Special attention
during the last presidency
was paid to the issues of domestic
safety, environment,
particular, to the issue of global warming.
One of the priorities was and the relationship
with Russia, including the so-called
road maps covering 4 spheres
interaction: the economy, internal
security, external security,
science and culture. Among the most
significant events during
presidency of the EU
the following. The Conference “Sound
Europe” (“Sound of Europe”) on January 26-28, 2006
in Salzburg. There were discussed the issues of
European identity, unified
culture, the problems of Islam in Europe
etc from 18 to 19 April was held
the conference “Europe begins at home”
(“Europe begins at home”) in St. pölten.
The conference discussed such
most important for the EU, the subject of subsidiarity.
Attention was also paid to the problem
pan-European security. What
relations with Russia, here
not to mention such an important
stage, as the summit in Sochi. Here not only
were identified further steps
deepen cooperation, and signed
specific documents, for example, the agreement
readmission and visa facilitation
mode.


Perhaps the most
a serious conflict with the EU
steel conflict with the Czech Republic due to Temerinski
NPP clash with most countries
Of the European Union regarding adoption candidates
a member of the Union of Turkey and the diplomatic
the conflict of 2000.


The essence of the diplomatic
the conflict was as follows. In 1999
year in the Federal election in Austria
strong second place with a small
behind the winner took
the ultra-conservative Austrian
the freedom party, headed by
known for its neo-Nazi
the views of Joerg Haider. In the EU here
there were calls to ban this
parties to participate in political life
of the country and to impose sanctions against Austria.
Neither the first nor the second EU authority
was not. Therefore, member States
EU imposed bilateral sanctions.


Amazingly, the triumph
his party was the beginning of the end for the
Haider. The country’s President Thomas Klestil
“asked” him not to enter the
government. Against his presence
in the office was sharply made by the members
The Austrian people’s party, the winner
elections and APS partner in the coalition.


To resolve
the conflict was created the so-called “group
the three wise men” composed of
Martti Ahtisaari, Marcelinho Walnut
(former Minister of foreign Affairs of Spain)
and Jochen Frowein (Director of the Institute
max Planck). In a special
the report produced by this group
it was said that the sanctions
“counterproductive” and should be lifted,
however, it was stressed that the party
Haider must be kept under strict
observation.


It is worth noting that
this diplomatic conflict has affected
the ratio of ordinary Austrians to the EU
because many people simply do not understand
why the victory of the party for democratic
and free elections have caused such a violent
response.


The conflict around
Temerinski NPP Oboi force broke
between Austria and Czech Republic since 2000.
Station, construction of which began
in the 1980s, was considered by the Austrian
hand, unsafe to operate,
by the way, very reasonably,
since the leakage of radioactive materials
was there, not once. In the autumn of of 2000
opened the station — disputes and
diplomatic Mairi followed one
for others, however until now
the situation is not fully resolved.


As for sharply
negative attitude to such not
most European country, as Turkey,
reason here, apparently
next.


Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Австрия_в_Евросоюзе

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