Austrian national socialism – Abstract


Introduction


Austrian
national socialism — pangermanism
the movement, which was formed in
the beginning of the XX century. The movement took specific
form 15 November 1903, when in Austria
was founded the German workers party
(DAP) with its Secretariat stationed
in Aussig.



1.
The origins of the German workers ‘ party


In 1893 the Franco mattes
from Eger and apprentice bookbinder Ludwig
Vogel from Bruxa organized the German
the national workers ‘ Union
(it. Deutschnationaler Arbeiterbund). It was
Union workers, students, members
trade unions of railway workers, miners
and textile industry workers,
which defended national interests
the Germans, as a result of their numerous
conflicts with nanometrologiya
workers, especially in the rail system
transport. In 1899, Stein spent
the workers Congress in Eger and published
program of 25 points.


Another conference
was held at the Plant in April of 1902 under
the name “German political
labour organization in Austria”
(it. Deutschpolitischer Arbeiterverein für Österreich).
In Ausie 15 Nov 1903 she reorganized
under a new name, “German
workers ‘party in Austria” (it. Deutsche
Arbeiterpartei in Österreich
(DAP)). At the party
Congress Hans CNRS offers to call
party national socialist
(it. Nationalsozialistische) or
German-social (it. Deutsch-Soziale)
Of the working party. The last option was
blocked Bohemian group, which
didn’t want the name copied
the name of the Czech national social
party.



2.
DNSAP


At the party Congress
in Vienna in may 1918, the DAP changed its name
“the German national socialist
labour party” (it. Deutsche
Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP)
) and
proclaimed the program of the German
the national socialist party in
Austria believed to be affected
later on the program of the NSDAP.


In 1923, Austrian
DNSAP split into two factions:
German social Association
(it. Deutschsozialen Verein) under the leadership
Dr. Walter Riehl and the group of Schultz.
After 1930, most former members
DNSAP became supporters of the German NSDAP
led by Adolf Hitler and was
among those who contributed to the Anschluss
with Germany.


The leaders of the party,
which was the name of Landesmaterial
(it. Landesleiter), in connection with the recognition
Hitler shared the Fuhrer was Alfred
Proksch (1931-33), Herman Neubacher (1935) and Josef
Leopold (1936-38), although the real power in
parties often belonged to Theodore
Habitu, emissary, Hitler addressed
to monitor Nazi activity
in Austria.


Literature



  • Austrian
    National Socialism
    , Andrew Gladding Whiteside, publisher:
    Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1962.


  • Hitler
    and the Forgotten Nazis: A History of Austrian National Socialism
    ,
    Pauley, Bruce F., University of North Carolina Press, 1981. ISBN
    0-8078-1456-3


  • Pauley, Bruce F. (1979). “From
    Splinter Party to Mass Movement: The Austrian Nazi Breakthrough”.
    German Studies Review 2 (1): 7-29.
    DOI:10.2307/1428703.



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Австрийский_национал-социализм

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