Big turtle – Abstract


Introduction


Big turtle[1]
(lat. Streptopelia orientalis, previously
lat. Turtur orientalis) is a bird of the family
pigeon, the largest representative
kind of dove.



1.
Appearance


The size of a large turtle doves
about 30 cm long, the color is brownish
tint on the back; the belly is pinkish
tint, tail has
black color with a white stripe on the edge. On
the neck of the adults are black
and white stripes. Bird eye light red
color, and the eyelids are dark-red, the beak
brown, legs with a red tint.
Although the colour and not very bright, but
in its own way, very attractive.
The voice of the turtle is not big
different from the cooing of the turtle dove small
ordinary and resembles a tender
rumbling.



2.
Habitat


Big turtle loves
to settle in mixed and deciduous
forests in which there are numerous
Sunny meadows, birch forests, floodplain
rivers. Rare to see these birds in
dark and dense forests. Most often
the dove can be seen in cities and
towns, here the cooing of these birds
is not something unusual. Parks and
planting along the roads are convenient
place doves. Life next
people are so comfortable these birds
many of them have made a choice in favor of
urban life, parting with the usual
for the turtle habitat. Common
big turtle in Asia, from the Urals to
Sakhalin and the Okhotsk sea, Europe,
with the exception of the Scandinavian countries



3.
Socket


The nest is large doves
placed on the branches of trees, and
preference is horizontal,
as they can conveniently arrange
the necessary number of construction
material for the home. In nest
big turtle doves can be seen on the cornices
houses, attics and under the roofs of the dwelling
person. The nest is low
from the earth and form a practically flat.
Built dwelling birds rather
carelessly, sometimes it is illuminated
through and you can see the female sitting
on masonry. The pigeon lays two
pure-white eggs of small size,
weighing about 9 g, which incubates
the next two weeks. For the season displayed
two broods of Chicks. Feed
young doves both parents, belching
of goiter processed foods in the form of seeds
trees and insects. 20-30 days
the Chicks fly from the nest, they just
expelled by his parents because
able to produce their own food. And
the female begins a new clutch.



4.
Features


A large flight of doves
very reminiscent of the flight of the dove, these birds
are not easy prey for predators
as skillfully maneuvering between the branches
trees. The main enemy of the doves —
Goshawk, but he rarely fails
to catch a turtle, unless it is the
open space. Often predators
use the fact that these graceful birds
like damp places, where the flocks flock
to drink during the hottest time of day. Place
it is usually open and there is
more likely to become prey
birds of prey. At the end of September — the beginning
Oct big turtle cooked in
departure for wintering. They winter in Africa,
although ornithologists are still not exactly
established permanent wintering places
these birds. The flying doves are not attracted to
attention and passes unnoticed, as
they do not create large flocks. Only
in flight, they can form a
huge clouds of their own kind individuals
and to move these packs to the site
wintering. Not all doves are
migratory. Those birds that live in
North fly South, and
South settled and stay in one place
in summer and winter.



5.
Myths about the great Gorlice


Peaceful and angelic
view turtledoves leads people astray.
This bird, which symbolizes the
peace and happiness, is not so peaceful
and has a difficult and quarrelsome character.
Birds fighting over food, for the home,
in the division sites and many other
reasons. Touching a pigeon
kissing has become a byword, there are
nothing but ordinary feeding
male female. In order to pass
liquid slurry from beak to beak needed
a fairly long and close contact,
which people mistaken for a protracted
pigeon kiss.



6.
Life expectancy


Big turtle lives
in nature not more than six years, although the exact
the life is difficult to determine, in captivity
these birds lived for over 10 years. Many young
individuals do not die from the disease, and from the clutches of
predatory animals and birds. The older the bird,
the less likely that it will be
prey, as life experience makes
them more careful.



List
literature:



  1. Boehme, R. L., Flint
    V. E.
    Patheticly dictionary names
    animals. Birds. Latin, Russian,
    English, German, French. /
    under the General editorship Acad. V. E. Sokolov.
    — M.: Rus. lang., “RUSSO”, 1994. — P. 108. —
    Copies 2030 — ISBN 5-200-00643-0



Source:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Большая_горлица

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