Comparison-Contrast Annotated Bibliography

Comparison-Contrast Annotated Bibliography

Löwe, J., & Amos, L. A. (2009). Evolution of cytomotive filaments: the cytoskeleton from

prokaryotes to eukaryotes. The international journal of biochemistry & cell 

biology41(2), 323-329..

The article indicates that eukaryotes are complex organisms that evolved from prokaryotes millions of years of age based on the analysis of the structural components of the organisms such as the cytoskeleton.  Various types of cytoskeleton components underwent evolution in higher organisms with the aim of meeting the increasingly complex needs of specialized cells and tissues. According to the study, cytoskeleton refers to structural components of a cell that is made up of microtubules and actin filaments. They play a crucial role in facilitating the division, growth, differentiation and movements of cells. Cytoskeleton enables the movements of organelles within a cell. It also determines the shape of a cell. Unlike prokaryotes, all eukaryotes have a cytoskeleton.

Mileykovskaya, E., & Dowhan, W. (2009). Cardiolipin membrane domains in prokaryotes and

eukaryotes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes1788(10), 2084-2091

The article examines the critical role played by cardiolipin (CL) in the dynamic organizational structure of both the eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. CL is responsible for the formation of membrane domains in the cells of bacteria. The domains play an essential role in various cellular functions such as membrane transport, cells division, and energy metabolism. The compartmentalization and regulation of biological membranes are facilitated by the ability of lipids to combine with proteins to form membrane domains. Cell division process like binary fission in prokaryotes and mitosis in eukaryotes is triggered by the activation of membrane-bound domains that act as biochemical pathways.

O’Donnell, M., Langston, L., & Stillman, B. (2013). Principles and concepts of DNA replication

in bacteria, archaea, and eukarya. Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology5(7),

a010108.

The research study asserts that the replication of DNA is mostly studied in lower organisms such as bacteria with the aim of understanding how living organisms produce and transfer genetic materials from one generation to another. DNA replication occurs in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes and takes place before cell division to ensure that there are enough copies of genetic material for the daughter cells. Despite the differences between eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells, the replication of DNA follows the same procedure.  Cellular reproduction is based on the process of managing the replication of genetic material. A control mechanism is vital in ensure equal distribution of the DNA and cellular components in new cells.

References

Löwe, J., & Amos, L. A. (2009). Evolution of cytomotive filaments: the cytoskeleton from

Prokaryotes to eukaryotes. The international journal of biochemistry & cell 

biology41(2), 323-329..

Mileykovskaya, E., & Dowhan, W. (2009). Cardiolipin membrane domains in prokaryotes and

eukaryotes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes1788(10), 2084-2091

O’Donnell, M., Langston, L., & Stillman, B. (2013). Principles and concepts of DNA replication

in bacteria, archaea, and eukarya. Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology5(7),

a010108.

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