Globalization has revolutionized film production by enabling important changes of patterns and trends of the global movie industry. The advancements have allowed film industry to emerge as one of the most important creative industries that attract millions of audience all over the world. In the past, Western countries dominated the film industry owing to the creative skills and investment in the sector. The issue ignited heated debates on the impact of film consumption on the local audience and citizen (Crane 2014, p. 370). However, the rise of “culture imperialism” theory intensified the debate further triggering a transitional change that brought sanity to the film industry shifting away from producer’s country to other foreign locations.
The rise of a new International Division of Cultural Labour has motivated producers from foreign countries to produce films in other nations to maximize cost. Curtin and Vanderhoef (2014) are of the opinion that United States of America film producers, for example, prefer shooting films in countries like Mexico and Canada to take advantage of the attractive benefits they get from the host government and the cheap labor cost (27). Therefore, many countries have embraced the system to attract foreign producers. The stance results from the externalities and association with the international operation. Concisely, globalization has brought a remarkable change in many countries taking film production to advanced level embracing a high standard of creativity. Other factors such as attractive location, tax, beneficial exchange rates, cheap labor and other incentives offered by the host countries influence foreign film producers to foreign countries (Srinivas 2013, p. 17). The firms conduct co-productions mixing skills and enriching film production making it more attractive.
Filmmaking has rapidly grown to a global activity to attract a global audience and exhibition channels. Equally, the TV and cinema technologies are expanding to nations or markets that lacked the coverage. The growth offers immense opportunities to countries that specialized in film production such as India and China but lacked the avenues showcase the skills. The production numbers have increased annually over the past decade driven by a high purchasing power and cinema investment as well as well as other exhibition channels. Moreover, small state-subsidized film countries have rapidly grown in film production due to funding opportunities and the introduction of new policies. Therefore, the film production industry has heightened globally creating employment and encouraging creative skills. Countries such as Iceland, Switzerland, and Europe attract the world’s attention by winning home market shares from Hollywood as well as upgrading their production (Lyons 2014, p. 43). As evinced, film production is on the rise taking into consideration the growing art film sites in Brazil, Mexico, and Nigeria. Primarily, Nigeria has developed a flourishing video industry due to cheap production technologies and the new exhibition channels. The continuous investment in the film sector and availability of the market compliment the growth.
Globalization has contributed to the rise of global consumer taste increasing the level of competition for film producer with the aim of up-scaling production from international to global. Therefore, a film produced for global audience find a place in many national markets concurrently. Globalization supports the distribution of film content through several media platform such as the internet, satellite, TV, and DVD that enables all audience around the world to observe. A film by Kung Fu, for example, has reached audiences all over the world (Michelle, Hardy, Davis and Hight 2015, p. 49-53). Nonetheless, the booming Indian movies reached other parts of the world such as Canada, USA and Indian diaspora in the UK (Lyons 2014). Thus, the globalization of consumption has triggered film producing countries such as India and Japan to come up with more aggressive skills of developing new technologies of distribution and exhibition that are perfect than Hollywood. The impression of globalization on the picture industry led to the standardization of production. Thus, producers focus on themes that capture the whole world interest (Srinivas, 2013). The advancements created a conducive platform for different countries to display their cultures such as the Nollywood, Bollywood and Hollywood films. Besides, various production organizations have positioned themselves in different parts of the world for easier broadcasting and co-productions with the native countries. Therefore, globalization changed the film industry enabling it to make milestones continuously.
How media regulation has shaped TV/Radio production
Media control is a common practice executed by governments and other bodies. There are rules, laws or processes that advocate for the same due to various reasons. The principal reasons are to provide means of intervention to protect the interest of the public and to develop a common technical standard (Reilly and Farnsworth 2015, p. 18). Other factors include efficient media market or encouraging competition. Principally, the main target of regulation is TV and radio. However, it may extend to the satellite, mobile phones, recorded music and film production. Despite the constitutional principle that advocates for freedom of the press, the government actively participates in the regulation of media strictly on TV/radio. Print media including newspapers and magazines are exempted. Hence, they possess the freedom of printing anything (Gazi, Cordeiro, Starkey and Dimitrakopoulou, 2014). The government regulation is in charge of the broadcast media. In this context, TV and radio have to obtain a valid license from it to access the airwaves. In the Unites States of America, for example, the Federal Communication Commission is in charge of regulating the airwaves and issues licenses. Therefore, these procedures have played a critical role in controlling what broadcast media releases.
Considerably, the regulation has enabled broadcast media to eschew from indecent and profane information in either speech or visual. It prohibits obscene programming that sends a bad image to the public. Some of the specification that the United States Supreme Court considers obscene includes the application of contemporary community standards that pleases the prurient interest. Also, provision of materials that describe or display information in an offensive manner such as sexual scenes, elements that lack serious meaning, political, scientific or artistic value. The federal law discourages the use of profane language, incitement, and indecent programming. The federal communication commission has a stunning rule that prohibits improper transmission between 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. (Forde and Doyle 2013, p. 134). The same applies to profanity broadcasts. However, stations that violate the law might suffer consequences of their license revoked. Therefore, the regulation has ensured that the public receives comprehensive information that adds value to their lives. Nonetheless, it advocates for programs that educate, entertain and inform the public on current issues. Media regulation also regulates disturbing images that include fatal accidents and indecent films and customizes information to suit the public interest
Generally, in differentiating the effect of the rules and policy, there are two factors that matter. First, is if they relate to the private concern or public interests and whether they have a negative or positive implication. Also, branded as harm or possible benefits. Therefore regulation has made it easier for broadcasts to identify the right content to the public quickly. On issues of public concern, it focuses on whether the information shared promotes order as well as the security of the state. It examines whether the content maintains public respect especially in matters pertaining decency and taste because it has to meet all these requirements. The regulation process checks out whether the aired content benefits the public regarding public participation, flow, accessibility, and diversity (Qi 2013, p. 231). Nonetheless, it strives to maintain the cultural standards while offering support to the national language and culture. It ensures respect to the human rights expression as well as protection from prejudice and insult of any form. Regulation helps broadcasts to avoid dangerous information to the society that may have a negative implication to the children as well as adults. Concisely, it meets all international roles while protecting and promoting the economic interest of the nation in communication industries and media.
Concerning the issues private or individual interest regulation has enabled broadcast to protect the rights of people their challenges and reputation. It advocates for the right content that will no trigger violence and also prevent offense to people especially politicians in the public domain. Lastly, regulation is essential for the protection of property right in both information and communication. Regulatory, issues may vary from one country to another, but the bottom line is this laws and rules are all geared towards the protection of the public and individual concern (Meng 2015, p. 680). Therefore, the regulation has shaped TV and radio broadcasts positively minimizing conflicts and maintaining integrity and respect at all times.
How advertising industry has developed film production
The advertising industry performs a significant role in promoting film production this is done through the popularization of movies in the social media to attract the audience. The advert industry uses various forms in availing films to the market such as animations in a web page, press and the internet platform (Lv and Jiang, 2016). Nevertheless, the advertisement industry creates awareness to the clients on the latest films. Therefore, improving on sales and motivates additional productions. Nollywood and Bollywood film producers release millions of series every year this is because these movies are popular in the world market through advertisement in the social media (Maheshwari, Seth, and Gupta, 2014). Adverts have stimulated fair competition by offering entities the platform to exhibit products and information that convince potential buyers or clients. Hence, producers are working hard employing unique and creative tactics to stand out in the world market. They necessitated selling and buying films because customers can buy and download directly from the internet. Nevertheless, the use of advertisement has enabled countries GDP to rise hence boosting their economies. Furthermore, more people have joined the film industries bringing in unique talent and innovations.
Cinemas, are developed in a unique manner bearing attractive images and themes that make their arrival rate to the audience fast. Appealing advertisement go viral both in the social media and print media making the movie more popular hence increases sales. Clients also put down their comments on social media adverts enabling the producers to get the opinions of the audience hence improve their production to suit their customer’s expectations (Golle, 2013). In urban areas where more people use the internet to work, they get an opportunity to view several adverts popping up in a day. The adverts developed in social media in most cases give people sense of realism and beauty attracting more people to watch. The low-cost implication is incurred in film advertisement due to a combination formed with other types of advertising and sales promotion (Gifford, 2016). Therefore, this type of ad spreads all over the social media attracting more audience and improves movie sales all over the world. Higher production potentials also add value to ads in film production when it is done on a larger screen such as billboards it gives a good view due to a longer period. It provides an amazing display that attracts more audience creating in then the urge of purchasing the whole film. Consequently, the mode of advertisement also matters TV and radios play a critical role in advertising various cinema making it easier for those who cannot access social media to watch and listen (Kapoor and Gupta 2014, p. 17). They broadcast upcoming films making the audience to keep on checking attracting market earlier in advance.
The film industry works best when the level of publicity is high because there is a need to make all movies known to the public to raise their awareness of the new release. Nevertheless, advertisement industry has economically boosted video production by increasing the demand of clients who seek for films. It has also led to greater creativity and innovation in the publicity industry enabling individuals to come up with catchy and attractive adverts that appeal to the public increasing their urge for more movies. Films that have a good reputation have a ready market because they are shared all over the social media by fans making the adverts more popular. Therefore, advertisements have significantly shaped the film production in a positive manner boosting its market and popularity.
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