IMPLICATIONS OF THE ATOMIC BOMB ON THE SOCIETY

Implication of the Atomic Bomb on the Society

Franklin Roosevelt is traced to the decision of creating the atomic bomb. The use of the bomb came as a necessity by America and its associates for Japan’s unconditional surrender. This was important because the U.S. considered it necessary to defeat Japanese and Nazimilitarism in a bid to ensure a tranquil postwar period and to execute a leadership reform program for the natives and thereby prevent another war. The second atomic bombing was not considered with certainty as to conclude the war, but pressurizing the Japanese government and its constant blastingof cities, obstructing ports, and a strategized attack. The first atomic bomb was dropped in Hiroshima,Japan’s seventh biggest city, a significant military point, and Honshu’s major port on 6/8/1945 leading to the death of about 84,000 causalities and later that year 14,000. A second bomb was dropped onto Nagasaki three days later following a no sign of surrender.Nagasaki was a significant manufacturing city, and Kyushu’s main port. The second bomb led to the death of 25,000 people on the spot and by the year’s end 20,000 more died. Many maimed people died after being exposed to radioactivity effects following the explosion. The bomb resulted in carnage and destructionon a five square miles radius.Horror and suffering scenes overwhelmed the rescuers of the victim of the overwhelming assault. Apart from causing thousands of deaths the atomic bombing of the U.S. on Nagasaki and Hiroshima changed the society in tremendous ways such as exposure of people to harmful radiation, physical, mental, and psychological issues, and ecological effects. Nonetheless, the events following the atomic bombing have inspired art creativity through paintings and films thus promoting popular culture in the society.

In the 1960s, there was the proliferation of primary historical research researches, which enabled the discussion of the effects of the atomic bomb. Historian Gar Alperovitz generated searching questions regarding the initial uses of nuclear weaponry and their wider diplomatic and political implications. Alperovitz’s arguments about “atomic diplomacy” in 1965 progressively challenged the idea that the atomic weapons were required to overthrow a Japan, which purportedly was just about to surrender. His argument questions the effects caused to the society following America’s decision to use the atomic bombs. Alperovitz’s question suggests that the two atomic bombs led to serious effects on the society, which could be avoided had alternative options been considered. The main question he asks is that rather than addressing the need of the bomb, the overriding question has been why was using the bomb more preferred by policymakers at the expense of other alternatives.

The clear immediate impact of the bomb was hundreds of death. Apart from the deaths, the bombing led to other sidetrack negative ramifications. The deaths at the start of the first hit of the attack were clearly more significant than the deaths resulting from the long-term consequences. However, the long-lasting effects caused numerous other challemges to the society. Alongside that, it caused psychological complications to the survivors and witnesses of the horrific attack. The city of Hiroshima had a population of 245,000 people and nearly 100,000 were killed in just one blow with a thousand hundred more hurt. With the city’s complete destruction, there were very few survivors. Hersey John’s primary works demonstrates the mental and physical harm meted on the society after the atomic bombing through one survivor’s eyes. Looking into the survivor’s eye in particular shows the horrors experienced in the real events of the incident. While the survivor was running into the city as rather than away from it, the readers see through the shock in his environment. He encountered hundreds of people with many of them seemingly injured in a way. Some people’s skin hung from their hands and faces while others had their eyebrows burnt off. Many were in shreds of clothing or naked. This was only a preview to the mentally damaging scenes of the bombing’s survivors.

Hersey also documented two very significant impacts of the bombs in 1945. The book trails six stories of survivors documenting to a reader the experiences at the bomb scene. The experiences allow the public to comprehend the repercussions of the bombing to the society and inspire the distress of this ever occurring to them. This demonstrates the instant effects of the bombing as well as the emotions, which everyone would dread having to go through.Some of the effects of the atomic bombs to those who did not die immediately include serious burns. Others also experienced psychological impacts. For instance, Hershey describes a situation in which a woman whose kid died in her arms. The woman held onto the baby four day after its death anyway. The story is just a highlight of the problems the society faced emanating from the bombing and the resultant mass destruction. The experiences of these tragic events brought great psychological impacts among the survivors. Along with the immediate psychological and physical pain people faced at the time, many faced post-traumatic stress disorder from witnessing the incident. The effects might seem like scenes from a movie but this occurred scarring mentally, physically, and emotionally the survivors and killed hundreds of thousands of humanity.

The atomic bombing changed the society in significant ways. One of the physical effects of the bombing was the discharge of harmful radiation into the area and the neighboring regions leading to pregnancy complications and high rates of cancer. The higher cancer rates was linked to the harmful radiation emitted from the damaged city. The pregnancy complications ranged from issues of mental retardation to stillbirths. The mainly affected people comprised those closest to the bombsites but the incidences were also more in a vast region of the bomb location. The atomic bombs led to genetic mutations. These genetic mutations have led to changes in the society by diminishing the reproductive ability of some survivors and leading to bizarre changes in the outlook of offspring,for example, deformed limbs. The bomb also led to increased incidences of leukemia as the most lethal long-term side effect. The leukemia spike happened around two years after the bombing attack and peaked around 1950. It has been projected that those who encountered the blast had a forty-six chance of contracting leukemia.

Another physical effect of the attack was thyroid issues coming from the radiation.The study also suggests that the effects that the bombing did not only result in thyroid complications immediately but fifty years thereafter there was still incidences of thyroid infection in survivors.The first thyroid cancer case in connection to the blast was not documented until 1957. The incident has changed the society for the worst. The bomb has led to increased rates of cancer among the youth. The cancers are correlated to exposure to radiation from the bombings. Thus, there are still causalities resulting from the bomb. The American blasting of Hiroshima still affects many innocent citizens of the town. Other cancers, which increased were breast cancer and lung cancer. Lung cancer was attributed to the bombings and in a survey conducted in 1972 survey, nearly 3,800 individuals (of 10,413) who died from the blast or linked to the blast, was found to have lung cancers.Younger women aged faced increased risks of getting breast cancer if they got exposure to over 100 rads. Generally, those exposed to radiation faced three times more likelihood to developing breast cancer, than individuals who were not exposed to radiation.

The attack of Hiroshima and Nagasaki using atomic bombs by the U.S. began as a “revenge” but generated to a global controversy. The event led to serious environmental concerns in the city. Even though the original bomb dropping is what most people remember, the long-lasting implications of the bombs are of major significance to raise responsiveness to the other impacts caused by the bomb besides death. The Research radiation article insists on the major challenges linked with the effects of radiation emissions. Given the huge number of kids amongst survivors, it enables the researchers to carry out studies on the bomb survivors. With progressive research, more data has emerged because most of the survivors are just currently affected from the bomb’s physical impacts i.e. cancer. The data from the studies has developed enormouslyin due course with the increase in cancer rates. Some significant information emerging from the data demonstrates that about 8 % of rates of cancer are directly associated with the radiation from the bomb. Even though this might appear like a small number, it still demonstrates that the survivors are still facing some problems. The atomic blasting of the innocent citizens still affects the gallant survivors from the accident. The number is still growing considering that sixty years later it is affecting those in the current times.

Despite the negative effects of the events, different societies through popular culture have used the events to come up with creative art in the form of film. Thus, the atomic bombing events led to creativity in the society through art and film. In Japan’s site where the American military dropped atomic bombs (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) in 1945, atomic energy awakened or created monsters. The first Godzilla (1954) references a real event in which a radiation resulting from a bomb test in the Pacific Ocean affects a Japanese trawler crew. Furthermore, post-war British film quickly grappled with the moral ethical dilemmas of the atomic era. In a film shot in the country in 1950 “Seven Days to Noon,” an atomic weapon scientist from Britain pushed to madness by the danger of the power he has assisted unleash, intimidates to blast a stolen device in London if the government fails to close down the weapons program. One aspect about the atomic bomb that cannot escape the imagination of people is the huge mushroom-shaped cloud searing in the air after the atomic bomb attacks. The image creates an image or flash of detonation in people’s social memory. The nightmare image is iconic and is seen on the Atomic Count Basie album of 1958 as the coca cola bottle or Marilyn. The bomb has motivatedseveral art movements in the society for instance, Gustav Metzger’s auto-destructive art, which used acid to flake in the creativity act.

Overall, the U.S. downplayed the nuclear attack on Nagasaki and Hiroshima in 1945. Apart from the death and destruction associated with the blast, there were numerous challenges, which occurred in due course with psychological ramifications such as PTSD causing effects in the long-term to the survivors. Nonetheless, the physical effects to the society outweigh the psychological consequences. The physical effects continue to affect survivors of the blast affecting their health in different ways. The persistent effect on the citizen’s innocent lives of Hiroshima residents demonstrates just how the effects of severe atomic bombing are to the society.

To sum up, America considered bombing Japan’s cities because it found it necessary to finish Japanese and Nazi militarism to ensure a peaceful postwar era and to execute a leadership reform program for the natives and thereby prevent another war. The two bombings resulted in carnage in the area and the neighboring. Apart from the thousands of deaths from the atomic bombing by the U.S., the bombing led to tremendous changes in the society such as increased exposure of people to harmful radiation, physical, mental, and psychological issues and environmental effects. Sixty years after the explosions, the survivors are still experiencing many problems. Some of the physically effects include leukemia, increased lung, breast, and thyroid rates and other health issues in the short term. Alongside the increased rates of cancer, there were increased unemployment rates including marital issues among the residents of the city.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ahmed, Samira. 2015. “How The Bomb Changed Everything”.Bbc.Com. http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20150702-how-the-bomb-changed-everything.

Alperovitz, Gar. “The decision to use the atomic bomb and the architecture of an American myth. New York: Alfred A.” (1995): 563-97.

Bennett, Burton G., and Charles A. Waldren. “60 Years since Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Radiation Effects Research at RERF.” Radiation research 164, no. 3 (2005): 235-236.

Bernstein, Barton J. “Understanding the atomic bomb and the Japanese surrender: Missed opportunities, little-known near disasters, and modern memory.” Diplomatic History 19, no. 2 (1995): 227-273.

Boice, John D. “Thyroid disease 60 years after Hiroshima and 20 years after Chernobyl.” Jama 295, no. 9 (2006): 1060-1062.

Burnham, Alexander. “Okinawa, Harry Truman, and the Atomic Bomb.” Virginia Quarterly Review 71, no. 3 (1995): 377-392.

Compton, Karl T. “If the atomic bomb had not been used.” Atlantic Monthly 178 (1946): 54-56.

Hersey, John. Hiroshima. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1963.

Miscamble, Wilson D. The most controversial decision: Truman, the atomic bombs, and the defeat of Japan. Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Morimoto, Isao, Yasuhiko Yoshimoto, Kenshi Sato, Howard B. Hamilton, Sadahisa Kawamoto, Motomori Izumi, and ShigenobuNagataki. “Serum TSH, thyroglobulin, and thyroidal disorders in atomic bomb survivors exposed in youth: 30-year follow-up study.” J Nucl Med 28, no. 7 (1987): 1115-22.

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