The influence of personal qualities of adolescents ‘ level of aggressiveness – Abstract , page 6


Biological: uneven
growth and development of the body.



Psychological: the formation of
a new level of consciousness; the emergence of
a “sense of adulthood”; increased
resentment and painful feelings;
high criticality in relation to
adults; fear of being rejected
peers; the increased importance
assessment of peers; the tendency to
grouping, formation of the sense
“We”; the tendency to imitation someone else’s
behavior, usually destructive;
intensive formation of moral
of concepts, ideas.



The most complete picture of an entity
aggressive behavior of teenagers gives
an analysis of his motivation. A significant role in
this motivation play feelings and emotions
negative: anger, fear,
revenge, hostility, etc.



The aggressive behavior of children
adolescence associated with
these emotions, expressed in fights,
beatings, insults, bodily
injuries, homicides, partly
rape, damage or
the destruction of property.



This behavior often
considered as the most
convincing models, confirming
the thesis about the genetic nature of aggression.
Thus believe that aggressive,
especially with insufficient justification,
behavior is a direct manifestation of
the genetic disadvantage of the individual,
even if not expressed in the chromosome
anomalies.



However, the question of the Genesis
aggression, role in her
the origin of the play of biological and
social factors exclusively
complicated. Modern teenager lives in
the world, complex in terms of content and
trends of socialization. This is due
first, with the tempo and rhythm
technical-technological transformations
contributing to growing people new
requirements.



Secondly, with a rich character
information, which creates a lot
noise, depth affect
the teenager, who has not yet developed
clear life position.



Third, environmental and
economic crises that hit
our society raises children
feelings of hopelessness and irritation
(in the absence of the sense of personal
liability) due to the fact that senior
generation leave them such a legacy.
While young people booming
the sense of protest, often unconscious,
and yet their increasing individualization,
which the loss of General social
interest leads to selfishness.



The fact that Teens, more
other age groups, suffer from
instability of social, economic
and moral situation in the country, losing
today required orientation to
values and ideals-the old is destroyed,
the new ones are not created.



As mentioned above, for
many teenagers typically intentional
imitation of certain manners, as
specific people, and those stereotypes
offered various
media.



Hence the abundance of “militants”,
“detectives,” etc. provokes aggressive
forms of behavior in adolescents, making it
an adult in his own eyes and being
means of showing its significance.
This manifests itself in the desire to take
a certain place in the reference group,
to achieve self-empowerment, awareness
myself a man can not be humiliated,
to suppress. While reference groups
for the part of adolescents become different
companies with an antisocial orientation,
where is the cockiness, aggressiveness rather
often seen as evidence
“buwalasi”, “masculinity”.



Having negative
the climate in many families, as in
the system of formal and informal
relations with the adult world, leads
the appearance of aloofness, rudeness,
the hostility of a certain part of teenagers
the desire to do things in spite of, despite
the will of others, which creates an objective
the preconditions for the emergence of aggressiveness,
demonstrative disobedience,
a destructive action.



For many adolescent
the underdevelopment of moral views,
consumer orientation, emotional
rude, aggressive way
affirmation, which is associated in particular
with increased suggestibility, heritance.



As an adolescent in force
complexity and contradictions of the features
growing people, internal and external
the conditions of their development can occur
situations that disrupt the normal
the course of personal development, creating
objective preconditions for the emergence of
and manifestations of aggressiveness.



In General, in our society today
there is a serious lack of positive
effects on growing children. To avoid
the negative impact of the above
factors such as peers and
mass media in the current society
succeed. But it makes sense to control
the dosage effects of these factors
on the person and, therefore,
the formation of aggressiveness.

2.4. Prevention of aggressive
behavior



There is a direct
the relationship between the manifestations of children’s
aggression and parenting style in the family
(Beron R., Richardson D.) note that
if the child is severely punished for any
the display of aggression he learns
to hide her anger in the presence
parents, but it does not guarantee
suppression of aggression in any other
situation.



Neglectful, permissive
the ratio of adults to aggressive
outbreaks of the child also leads to
the formation of his aggressive traits
personality. Children often use aggression
and disobedience in order to attract
the attention of an adult.



Kids whose parents are different
excessive deference, lack of confidence,
don’t feel in complete safety
and also become aggressive.



In order to resolve
unwanted aggression from
the child, as prevention suggest
parents to pay more attention to their
children seek warm
relations, and at certain stages
to show firmness and determination.



Work with aggressive children
should be conducted in four directions:






      • Training aggressive children
        the ways of expression of anger in acceptable
        form.



      • Teaching children techniques
        self-regulation self-control
        in different situations



      • Development of communication skills in
        possible conflict situations



      • The formation of empathy, confidence
        to people.





Chapter 3.
Organization and research methods


3.1. Investigation of the role
personality and individual
qualities

adolescents in the development of
aggressiveness



One of the important results
our work consists of data obtained
when examining the role of personal and
the individual qualities of adolescents
in the development of aggression. The result
the study was set feature
structural organization of personality
adolescents, which is
a dominant number of connections between
behavioral affects and small
the number of connections between personal
characteristics (Fig. 1).





Figure 1. The interrelation of indicators
aggression with indicators of personal
properties and assumptions in adolescents
the experimental group



Here and hereafter: 1 – extrapunitive,
prepjatstvenno-dominant type; 2 –
introduce-tive, prepjatstvenno-dominant
type; 3 – impunitivnaja, prepjatstvenno-dominant
type; 4 – extrapunitive, self-shielded
type; 5 – intropunitive, self-shielded
type; 6 – impunity, self-shielded type;
7 – extrapunitive, persisting-allowing
type; 8 – intropunitive, persisting-allowing
type; 9 – impunitivnaja, persisting-allowing
type; 10 – physical aggression; 11 – indirect
aggression; 12 – negativism; 13 – verbal
aggression; 14 – index aggressiveness; 15 –
the index of motivational aggression; 16 –
the index of hostility; 17 – the amount of aggressiveness;
18 – social co-operation; 19 – General
the index of aggressiveness; 20 – social
emotionality; 21 – emotionality;
22 – social temp; 23 temp; 24 – social
plasticity; 25 – plasticity; 26 –
social arginate; 27 – arginate;
28 – irritation; 29 – demonstrative;
30 – communication; 31 – directivity;
32 – aggressiveness; 33 – dependence; 34 –
offense; 35 – suspicion; 36 – a sense of
guilt; 37 – affectation; 38 – fear.





These data evidence
the fact that the behavior of offenders
increasingly regulated not
internal factors and external, and
is dependent on the situation and
the influence of the environment.



This tendency has led
the development of the contradiction of a person
teenagers: they observed, on the one
hand, the dependence on monitoring and
influence from others, the need
of attachment and commitment to
cooperation, on the other hand
hostility, suspicion,
demonstrative. This property
personality as aggressiveness, which
most strongly affects
the occurrence of aggression in experimental
a group of teenagers not exceeding the age
norm. It is fundamentally
important in understanding the nature of aggressive
behavior of adolescents.



The structural organization of personality
adolescents with prosocial forms
the conduct is holistic and
harmony, internal
plan and the formation of arbitrariness
behavior prevent
situational actions, and influence
environment.





3.2. Questionnaire of aggressiveness
Bass – Evil Durka



Methodology – questionnaire of aggressiveness
Bass – Evil Durka.



The questionnaire is designed to
studies of aggressive and hostile
reactions. Consists of 75 questions



Instruction: check “Yes” about
those provisions with which you agree,
and no, about those with whom they disagree.



The questionnaire highlights the following
form of aggressive and hostile reactions:



Physical aggression (attack)
– the use of physical force against
another person.



Indirect aggression – aggression
in a roundabout way aimed at another
the person (gossip, evil jokes), and
aggression, which anyone not sent
(the explosions of rage, which manifests itself in the cry,
the stomping feet, banging his fist on the table
etc.).



Irritation – willingness to
the manifestation at the slightest arousal
temper, sharpness, roughness.



Negativism – oppositional
the reaction against authority
and management (from passive resistance
to active struggle against the established
laws and regulations).



Resentment – jealousy and hatred
others, caused a sense
bitterness, anger at the world for actual
or imaginary suffering.



Suspiciousness – distrust
and caution against the people
based on the belief that others
intend to cause harm.



Verbal aggression – expression
negative feelings through the form (quarrel,
shout, screech), and through the contents
verbal responses (accusations, threats,
curses, swearing, ridicule).



Remorse, guilt
– Express the restraining influence feelings
guilt on manifestations of behavior,
which are usually prohibited (rules
companies), the degree of belief of a person
that he is a bad man
committing wrong actions.




3.3. The results of the study



Using the methods bass – evil Durka
we investigated among students 6 and 9
classes especially aggressive and
hostile reactions.



Table 1 presents average
arithmetic scores for each class
according to the results of
research.



Table 1 (the average scores for each
study group)



















































InID
aggression


class



Physical
aggression



Indirect
aggression



Irritation



Negativism




Resentment



Podozritel-ness



Verbal
aggression



Pangs
conscience



6
class



8,2



5,6



6



2,75



4,5



5,75



6,75



6,5



9
class



6,6



6,1



4,7



3,45



4,2



5,3



9



7,5




Table 2 presents the percentage
the ratio of the intensity of the aggressive kind
reactions for each class according to
the results of the study.



Table 2 (percentage
for each study group)















































InID
aggression


class



Physical
aggression



Indirect
aggression



Irritation



Negativism




Resentment



Podozritel-ness



Verbal
aggression



Pangs
conscience



6
class



82%



62.2% of



54.5% of



55%



56,3%



57,5%



56,3%



72,2%



9
class



66%



67.8% of



47%



69%



52,5%



53%



75%



83.3% of




Thus, the results of our
of the study were as follows:



– physical aggression 16% more
expressed the students younger adolescence
age;



indirect aggression by 5.6 % brighter
expressed in the older
adolescence;



– irritation is more typical
for younger teenagers –
the difference of 7.5%;



– the negativity to a greater extent
(14%) seen in older students
adolescence;



– resentment from younger students
adolescence in several
more pronounced than the older
adolescence – the difference in
3,8%;



– suspiciousness are also more
characteristic of younger teenage
age – difference of 4.5%;



verbal aggression more
degree (18.7%) is typical for students
older adolescents;



– remorse, guilt
11.1% are more pronounced in older students
adolescence.



Thus, the results of
research suggests that
in their Teens more
expressed such an aggressive and hostile
reactions:



indirect aggression



– negativism



verbal aggression



– remorse, guilt



For the younger teen
age is characterized by aggressive and
hostile reactions are:



– physical aggression



– irritation



– resentment



– suspicion




Conclusion



On the basis of theoretical
analysis found that aggression
is a complex, structural,
dynamic form of organization
behavior that varies in
the process of socialization and can be
one of the indicators of standard-setting
behavior.



The structural organization
the aggressiveness of the adolescents, in which
different types of aggression are interrelated,
one form of aggression may
be accompanied by another and even act
as a determinant.



Determined the originality of the relationships
indicators of aggressiveness with good manners
and individual qualities of adolescents.
The aggressive actions of teenagers
wear protective and demonstrative.



It is established that aggressive
trends adolescents are mostly
manifest in traumatic
situations where a high probability of
emotional stress. In favorable
situations, these trends are compensated
a setting for social cooperation and
aggression can be implemented in
socially desirable form of activity.



The results obtained open
prospects of the organization
educational and educative activities
psychologists and educators working
in the system of educational institutions.


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